Florence: history, art and culture

Florence is the capital of the famous Italian region of Tuscany and, according to many people, one of the most beautiful cultural cities in the world. If you are looking for history, art and culture, then Florence is the place to be. More than ten million tourists come to Florence every year. In addition, Florence is ideally suited to enjoy the “Dolce Vita” life.

  • Florence has a lot of history as a Roman settlement
  • How to get to Florence?
  • From the holiday address through Tuscany to Florence
  • Public transport in the city
  • Sights in a city with a lot of history and culture
  • Cycling through one of the most beautiful cultural cities in Italy
  • Walking along art, culture and the Arno river
  • World famous cathedral Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore
  • Shopping in Florence
  • Food in Florence: a kitchen with pure ingredients

Legend
A . Ponte Vecchio
B . Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore
C . Train and bus station

Florence has a lot of history as a Roman settlement

The city was founded a few decades before our era by Julius Caesar, as a Roman army camp. Florence was conveniently located on the main route between Rome and northern Italy. Moreover, the settlement was located in the fertile valley of the Arno River. Florence quickly became an important commercial center. The Arno River now flows through the current city. The city’s glorious past can still be found in many places in the city. One of the reasons why so many tourists come every year.

How to get to Florence?

The city has its own airport: Florence Amerigo Vespucci. The airport is only a few kilometers outside the city. By train is also an option. Florence has a large train station: Santa Maria Novella. A major advantage of arriving in Florence by train is that you are immediately in the center of the city. There are also many organized bus trips from many countries to Florence.

From the holiday address through Tuscany to Florence

Traveling by train to Florence is also easy to do from a holiday destination elsewhere near the city. Italy has a good and extensive railway network. A train stops in many places. Take a slow train and just the trip to Florence through a piece of Tuscany is already beautiful. The bus connections are also excellent. In addition, many tourists go to Italy by car every year and combine this with a visit to the city.

Public transport in the city

Buses are used a lot by our own residents. The buses leave from Santa Maria Novella train station and run from 6am until almost midnight. There is also a tram line, but it is not as extensive as the bus network. But tourists will not use public transport much. Most arrive in the city center. And then most sights are within walking distance. Walking is also the most fun in a city like Florence. There’s a lot happening around you on the street and every corner offers new surprises.

Sights in a city with a lot of history and culture

Actually, there are so many beautiful things to see and visit in Florence that there are too many to mention. In any case, it is useful to buy a travel guide at home in advance. Such a guide describes the highlights of the city and always includes a handy city map. There are many famous sights such as churches and museums. But the beautiful gardens and beautiful squares are certainly worth a visit. And then the river, the bridges and the surroundings. Very photogenic and worth a walk.

Cycling through one of the most beautiful cultural cities in Italy

If you want to get to know Florence in an original and fun way, cycling is an idea. This can be done independently, but also under the guidance of an English-speaking guide. The advantage of this method is that you cycle with not too large a group of people. The guided tour takes several hours and passes the most important sights. During the tour there will of course be regular stops and the guide will tell you something about the city or the building where you are.

Walking along art, culture and the Arno river

The vast majority of people choose to get to know Florence by simply walking through the city. It is an ideal city for this, because there is no hectic traffic. You automatically arrive at the Arno River. With its beautiful bridges, of which the Ponte Vecchio is the best known.

World famous cathedral Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore

The cathedral, Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, is the church of Florence and has a very striking dome. A place that should certainly not be missed. This church actually marks the skyline of the city. Known from many photos and maps. There are also various art galleries and artists and musicians are also busy entertaining people on the streets.

Shopping in Florence

Of course there is also great shopping in Florence. The city has several pleasant shopping streets. For example around the cathedral Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore. Even when you are at the Ponte Vecchio, you can shop on the bridge itself. This mainly concerns jewelry and souvenir shops. In addition to the shops, there are also various markets where you can buy clothes, food and souvenirs. There are several markets on Sundays. It is also pleasant for shopping that everything is within walking distance. It is very nice to take a break from walking and shopping and drink a cappuccino on a terrace on one of the beautiful squares.

Food in Florence: a cuisine with pure ingredients

The food in Florence is the food of the countryside. Without too much fuss. As in all of Tuscany, great value is placed on the use of pure ingredients. Many dishes are based on meat and people prefer to use the whole animal. Commonly eaten and typical Tuscan dishes are the crostini toscani. These are lightly toasted, round slices of bread with a chicken liver pate.
Also many types of ham and sausages. The sliced raw ham prosciutto is well known. This ham is often eaten together with melon in the summer months and served as a fresh dish. Much Tuscan bread is used in soups and salads made from fresh vegetables. Charcoal fire is also widely used and of course many dishes are generously provided with excellent olive oil. The city, like many cities in Italy, has excellent restaurants. If you are looking for a good restaurant at an affordable price, look where the locals eat.

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