Rome, the capital of Italy, has a wealth of sights to see. Some have a long history, others still play an important role in the lives of the people of Rome. One thing is certain: you won’t be bored in Rome!
Bocca della Verita
The bocca della Verità is a manhole cover cemented into the wall with a face with an open mouth on it at the front of the Greek Orthodox Church of Santa Maria de Cosmedin. The story goes that if you lie and put your hand in your mouth, your hand will be eaten .
The Capitoline Museums are four art and archeology museums, all located near the Piazza del Campidoglio , a square on the Capitoline Hill , one of the seven hills of Rome. The square was designed by Michelangelo around 1470. On this square there is a copy of the statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius on horseback. This statue has always been preserved, unlike many others that have been melted down. This is probably due to the fact that it was previously wrongly thought that the statue represented Emperor Constantine the Great, the emperor who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.
The museums have a significant amount of statues such as the Dying Gaul and the original bronze statue of the she-wolf and the twins Romulus and Remus, this statue is called Lupa Capitolina . The museums also have an enormous collection of works by Caravaggio, Veronese, Tiziano, Rubens, Tintoretto and Guercino, among others.
The Circus Maximus is located between the Palatine Hill and the Aventine Hill, two of the seven hills in Rome. Nowadays you can only vaguely make out the remains, but in Roman times it was one of the largest racecourses in the wider area of Rome. The races attracted large crowds because they were a great spectacle. The carriages were pulled by one or more horses driven by riders from different stables. Accidents occurred regularly, especially in the bends where a car often crashed into the stands. The best riders could earn a lot of money. In general, the riders were ‘ordinary citizens’, although Emperor Nero also regularly participated. However, he did not participate fairly, because he had his opponents killed in order to achieve victory, while he himself had the greatest difficulty staying on the wagon at all.
The Colosseum is a gigantic amphitheater built by Emperor Vespasian . The name Colosseum was given because it stood right next to a statue of Nero called ‘the Colossus’. Gladiator fights were regularly held in the Colosseum. Gladiators were often convicted criminals, slaves and prisoners of war who had to compete against a wild animal during a gladiator fight. Many of the gladiators did not even make it to the end of the match. These festivals were very popular among the people. Moreover, the emperor had the opportunity to recruit supporters among the citizens.
Domus Aurea was the palace of Emperor Nero. Everything in the building was covered with gold (that’s what the house was named after, ‘aurea’ means ‘golden’), gemstones and mother of pearl. Nowadays there is not much left of Domus Aurea because the Baths of Trajan were later built over it.
The Roman Forum was a market in a valley among the hills of Rome. Due to its favorable location, it was a social, political and religious meeting place. Everyday life took place here. Emperor Augustus had beautiful marble temples built there, which were unfortunately destroyed by a fire in the 3rd Century AD, natural disasters and destruction.
The Pantheon is located near Piazza Navona . It is a temple dedicated to Emperor Augustus . Mars and Venus were the patron deities of the house, hence the symbolic shape of the dome as a celestial vault with the round opening in the middle for the sun . The Pantheon is a beautiful example of architecture, both inside and out.
Piazza Navona is one of the most beautiful and important squares in Rome. It was built on the site where Emperor Domitian once had a stadium built. Three fountains are spread across Piazza Navona . There are various markets and stalls where you can get henna tattoos and portrait drawings made. There are several eateries around Piazza Navona. The cheaper (and often better!) eateries are usually found further down the alleys.
St. Peter’s is one of the most famous churches in the world. St. Peter’s Basilica is home to various masterpieces of art, such as Michelangelo’s Pietà . The church was built between 1506 and 1626 on the site of the former Circus of Nero, where the Apostle and first Pope, Peter , was once crucified and buried. It is an important pilgrimage site for Roman Catholics. When the Pope is in Rome, he gives everyone the blessing from the window of his office on Sundays at noon. During Christmas and Easter, the Pope gives a Christmas speech, gives the Pope the victory and wishes everyone a happy holiday in more than sixty different languages.
The Sistine Chapel is a ground-floor chapel in the Vatican Museums of Vatican City . It was built by Giovanni di Dolce between 1475 and 1483, on behalf of Pope Sixtus IV, after whom the chapel was named. It is one of the most famous halls in the world, because of the famous frescoes by Michelangelo. The Sistine Chapel is where the conclave of cardinals takes place when a new pope is to be elected. The Sistine Chapel contains frescoes depicting scenes from the Old Testament. Although some of the frescoes were destroyed to make way for Michaelangelo’s ‘The Last Judgement’ , many of them can still be admired on the walls of the chapel.
The Spanish Steps were designed in 1721 by Allessandro Specchi and Francesco de Sanctis. At the bottom of this impressive whole is the Spanish square: Piazza di Spagna . In the Piazza di Spagna is the fountain la Barcaccia” by Pietro Bernini . The Spanish Steps are a gathering place for tourists and sellers