Cuba is a country in South America. Cuba consists of several islands, of which the largest and most important island is the fourteenth largest island in the world. The main religion in Cuba is Roman Catholic. There are also many African religions in the country. This is due to the slave trade of the past.
- General information
- Cities in Cuba
- Best travel period
- Climate in Cuba
- Mandatory travel documents
- Vaccinations for Cuba
- Money matters in Cuba
- Spoken language
- Original name: Cuba
- Language: Spanish
- Currency: Cuban peso
Cities in Cuba
The largest city in the Caribbean and also the capital of Cuba is Havana. You can find a lot of Spanish architecture in this city. You can experience a lot of culture in the many museums and history in the city. The city has both old things and modern things. There are vintage cars driving on the streets and modern buildings. Dancing is very important in Havana. You will notice this during the day, but the dance culture really comes to life, especially in the evening. There are numerous dance venues in the city, with lots of swinging music.
Havana has many sights. For example, the Barrio Chino district is also known as Havana’s Chinatown. The Pórtico Chino gate is the entrance to Barrio Chino and is 13 meters high, making it the highest of its kind. Callejón de Hamel is an alley known for its walls covered in graffiti. There are also castles in Havana, namely Castillo de la Real Fuerza and Castillo del Morro.
Acuario Nacional is very suitable as an outing, for example with the children. It is the oldest aquarium in Cuba and is home to more than 4,000 marine animals and more than 350 species. There are also many museums in Havana, with a variety of fascinating topics. You can eat very well in Havana, especially at Plaza de Armas, where there are many cafes, restaurants and bars.
Baracoa is the oldest European settlement and you can see this in many places, such as the three forts from Spain. In Trinidad you see many remains from a rich era.
Cuba has beautiful beaches on a blue sea. There are also underground rivers where you can dive. In Cuba you can encounter more than 60,000 different plant species. And the palm is everywhere. Most of the animals in Cuba are reptiles such as crocodiles, iguanas, lizards, salamanders, turtles and non-venomous snakes. The smallest bird in the world, the hummingbird, also comes from Cuba. This is also the national bird, as the colors of the animal are the same as the Cuban flag.
Best travel period
In Cuba the drought season is from November to the end of January. But you can also travel to Cuba in the summer months, as the rain usually falls in the afternoon or at night. The temperature is pleasant all year round. Please note that September and October are hurricane season in Cuba. Typically, hurricanes have a fairly narrow path and pass fairly quickly, making them not too dangerous.
Climate in Cuba
Cuba has a subtropical climate all year round. There are no temperature differences and the average temperature is 25 degrees Celsius, but it can rise to over 30 degrees. The wet season is from May to October, but most rain falls at the end of the day or at night. In autumn there is a chance of cyclones and downpours. In the mountains of Cuba it is on average cooler than in the rest of the country.
Mandatory travel documents
If you visit Cuba, you must have a passport that is valid for at least six months after your return to your home country. You are also required to have a visa. You must be able to show the visa during your flight. Many organizations will arrange the visa for Cuba for you, at a reasonable price. You must then give a copy of your passport to the organization.
Vaccinations for Cuba
Vaccinations for Cuba are not mandatory, but are recommended. It is best to take vaccinations against DTP and hepatitis A. Always contact your GP or the GGD before departure. They can tell you more about the latest state of affairs. Rabies is also present in Cuba. If you have an increased risk, it is best to also take vaccinations against this. Malaria in Cuba has almost been eradicated.
Since Cuba’s revolution in 1959, medical care in the country has been excellent. In case of emergency you can get help without any problem. Most medicines are also easily available in the country. Always take your own medication with you, as well as a medicine passport, which lists the medicines you use. Also make sure you have good travel insurance with health insurance. For tourists, prices can be very high if you need medical attention.
Money matters in Cuba
There are two types of money in circulation in Cuba, namely the Cuban peso and the convertible peso. The convertible peso is worth about as much as a US dollar. The exchangeable pesos are for the tourists. It is best to take euros with you in cash and exchange them at exchange offices or in hotels. It is not possible to pay by card throughout the country, but you can withdraw money with your credit card. Be aware of high bank charges if you do this.
In Cuba the official language is Spanish. Spanish in Cuba is slightly different from Spanish in Spain. The Cubans often swallow words. The letter s is usually not pronounced and the letters c and z are pronounced as an s sound. People who speak Spanish will initially have some difficulty with Cuban Spanish. In many tourist areas you can also speak English. Guides in Cuba usually also speak French and Italian.
The Cubans are usually very friendly and helpful. Please note that according to the rules, the population is not allowed to be in the company of foreigners. It’s okay to walk down the street with a Cuban, but inviting one to your hotel room can cause problems. Many Cubans try to hook tourists in the hope that they will be taken to another country. This way they can escape the bad economic situation.