Lysosomes play a crucial role in intracellular digestion and waste disposal processes, thus maintaining balance and cell homeostasis.
Characteristics of lysosomes
- Lysosomes are cytoplasmic organelles present in eukaryote cells containing digestive enzymes.
- Form and size: The lysosomes are spherical-shaped vesicles with a diameter that usually varies between 0.1 and 1.2 micrometers.
- Lipid membrane: They are surrounded by a lipid membrane that separates them from the cytoplasm and isolates them from the rest of the cell.
- Enzymatic content: They contain various hydrolytic enzymes, such as proteases, lipastes, nucleases and glucosidase, among others, which can break down a wide range of molecules.
- Acid pH: The inside of the lysosomes is highly acidic, with an optimal pH for enzyme activity.