The Greek gods were considered superior beings with power over humans and natural events.
Many of the mythological histories of ancient Greece revolves around these gods and their actions. Among the best known gods are Zeus, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Poseidon and Heracles.
Below are the characteristics of Greek gods:
- Immortality: The Greek gods were immortal, meaning they did not age or died.
- Omnipotence: The Greek gods were omnipotent, meaning they had absolute power.
- Omniscient: The Greek gods were omniscient, which means they knew everything that was going on in the world.
- Divine Nature: The Greek gods were divine beings, with supernatural characteristics and abilities.
- Climate power: Many Greek gods were responsible for aspects of the weather, such as winds, storms and sunshine.
- Power over agriculture: The Greek gods were responsible for land fertility and crop production.
- Power over war: The Greek gods were responsible for victory and defeat in the war.
- Power over justice: The Greek gods were responsible for delivering justice and prosecuting offenders.
- Power over love: The Greek gods were responsible for loving feelings and sexual attraction.
- Power over art: The Greek gods were responsible for artistic inspiration and creativity.
Main Greek Gods
- Zeus: The king of the Greek gods, Zeus is the god of heaven, thunder and lightning. He was the leader of the Olympic gods and had great power over climate and war.
- Athena: The goddess of wisdom, strategy and just war. Athena was the protector of the city of Athens and considered herself a virtuous goddess.
- Apollo: The god of light, music, the arts and the prophecy. Apollo was the twin brother of Artemisa, the goddess of the hunt.
- Aphrodite: The goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Aphrodite was known for its beauty and charisma.
- Possesidon: The god of the sea, earthquakes and horses. Poseidon was Zeus’ brother and shared with him the power over the climate.
- Heracles: The most famous demigod hero of Greek mythology, Heracles was known for his incredible exploits and superhuman strength.
- Ares: The god of war, Ares was violent and bloody, often related to the excessive war.
- Dionysus: The god of wine, drunkenness, fertility and theatre. He was the god of the baccanals and was considered a wild and dangerous god.
- Demeter: The goddess of agriculture, harvesting and fertility. She was Persephone’s mother and it relates to the cycle of life and death.
- Hermes: The god of traders, thieves, travelers and messengers. He was the messenger of the gods and also the protector of the shepherds and fishermen.