Causes of garbage contamination

Humans are currently plagued by hazardous waste. In the world it occurs every year, the amount of rubbish equivalent to 800,000 Olympic swimming pools. And only 15 to 18% is recycled. The amount and type of garbage depends on each region or country, but consumerism and the number of inhabitants are related to the amount of garbage generated, so pollution becomes a bigger problem.

In this article, we explain the causes, consequences and solutions of garbage contamination.

Definition of garbage contamination

Garbage pollution is one that involves damage to soil, air and water due to the accumulation of unwanted waste. The garbage is thought to be made up of waste incorrectly deposited and concentrates both solid and liquid waste.

The generation of garbage is an inevitable consequence of human activities, but unfortunately all garbage causes negative environmental impacts, and in general, it can contaminate any environment in any area: homes, offices, factories…

Causes of garbage contamination

Garbage pollution is one of the most visible effects of human occupation on the planet, but this does not mean that simply populating it contaminates. The main cause of garbage contamination is, as mentioned, inadequate waste management.

There’s a lot more behind poor trash organization, of course. This pollution is a complex problem that begins with the manufacture of products, as the creation process also causes by-products that can be solid or organic waste.

Often, when a country grows economically, the demand for consumer goods grows on a hand-on-to-ten-on-to-ten-on-the-art country. When they finish using, what’s the matter? Indeed, throw them into the waste basket, which will go to a landfill. However, a lot of garbage doesn’t go to the baskets, but can be thrown outdoors, polluting the soil, the water and consequently the air.

Sometimes, the garbage that metanoends up in the ground or in the water can break down and emit gases like methane; this means that garbage has the ability to pollute the three basic environments of life on Earth.

The main sources of garbage contamination are:

  • Medical centers.

Consequences of garbage pollution

Vitage caused by garbage can affect the visual image of nature, as well as the health of living beings. The surface of the water is contaminated by the waste thrown into it, but the truth is that toxic substances emanating from the waste negatively alter their composition, and since it is consumed by plants, animals and humans, it causes serious diseases.

Pollution in the air and soil also changes its composition and can hinder the growth of life.


On the other hand, the piled garbage attracts insects and other undesirable animals, becoming a focus of infection that makes people sick. The management of tons of garbage is also high costs to Governments.

Solutions of garbage pollution

It should be stressed that attempts to remove garbage through sanitary fillings do not form a real solution to prevent pollution. Instead, the migration of biological compounds into other environments pollutes not only soil, but also water and air. Nor is the burning of garbage a solution, given the gases that are fired into the atmosphere.

The right solutions are related to the management of waste from consumer products. Therefore, waste management education is indispensable as the world’s population grows, and focuses on teaching three activities: reducing consumption, recycling products and reusing them as well. From a broader perspective, some government departments of environmental conservation focus on addressing the problem from the manufacture of goods, modifying packaging and incorporating elements that facilitate recycling and reuse to industrial infrastructure.

Garbage pollution is not a problem that should be underestimated, as the ecological implications are large and potentially negative.

  • More than 200 million people are at risk from exposure to toxic waste.
  • In the United States, garbage generates 70 percent of heavy metal pollution.
  • According to the UN, 70 percent of technology waste ends in China.


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