5 Characteristics of the deductive method

The deductive method is a form of thinking that seeks to draw conclusions from premises established in observation and study. It is also part of philosophy, being considered one of the many methods that allows us to achieve knowledge.

Characteristics of the deductive method

  • The premises can be varied, unique and can interact with each other.
  • It is an instrument used to reach knowledge or conclusions about a topic, fact or study.
  • This method uses maps, diagrams and summaries as instruments.
  • The premises from which it starts are responsible for defining what has been observed.
  • The facts will depend on the premises.
  • To practice the deductive method you can start with some theory, then it can be reduced to a hypothesis to be tested.
  • It is usually associated with quantitative research methods, where objectivity, statistics and numerical estimation are necessary.
  • It goes from the general to the specific.
  • The deductive method focuses on causality.
  • The origin of this reasoning is usually attributed to Aristotle.
  • The deductions of this method are logical, since the conclusion is found in the premises. That is, the premises are organized into syllogisms that can validate the conclusion. That is why it is used in social studies.
  • If all the premises are true, the conclusion is also true. In the event that a premise is false, the validity and solidity of the deductive arguments will be evaluated based on the scientific method in order to reach a true conclusion.

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