Bioluminescence is a chemical reaction in living organisms that leads them to produce their own light. Some bioluminescent animals are wormwoods (Lampyridae family), Quantula striata stocol, plted pltines (Centrophryne spinulosa), railway worm (Phrixothrix hirtus), vampire calamar (Vampyroteuthis infernalis), bioluminiscent medusa (Pelagia noctiluca).
What is bioluminescence
Bioluminescence is the light that certain organisms emit, from a chemical reaction. The process requires the luciferin compound, which is rusty and produces oxylucisin and light, and an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction, which in the largest case is usually luciferase, or some other photoprotein. Thus, when the luciferin interacts with the luciferase, the light is emitted.
It is particularly visible at night by contrast to the darkness. The function of bioluminescence can be as a defense against predators, to communicate with each other, to obtain food, or even to camouflage with the flashes that the water would emit to go unnoticed.
The color of light varies from species to species by structural modifications in the luciferase, and the area capable of carrying out the reaction is also different.