Argentina, from the Andes to Tierra del Fuego, land of Maxima

As the second largest country in South America, Argentina stretches from the Pilcomayo River in the north to Cape Horn in the south. In the east it lies on the Atlantic Ocean and in the west the Andes mountains form the border. It is a country of many climates, from the subtropical in the north to the subantarctic in the south. We know the country of Maxima, of the Plaza de Mayo, of the war in the Falkland Islands, of the gauchos and of Maradonna.


Eighty percent of the population is white. The Argentinians are mainly descended from the Spanish, later from the Italians, the Germans, the English and the Eastern Europeans. Unlike their neighbors, where the population is mainly descended from the Indians. A nice story says that the Mexicans are descended from the Aztecs, the Central Americans from the Mayans, the Peruvians from the Incas and the Argentinians from the boats. Argentina is a Catholic country.



In the northwest lie the impressive mountains of the Andes with the Altiplato , where the mountains are up to 7000 meters high, along the border with Chile and Bolivia. Well-known mountains are the Aconcagua (7000 m), the Cerre Bonete (6900 m) and the Llullaillaco volcano (6800 m).


The northeast is one subtropical plain with forests, savannas and swamps. The rivers Parana, Uruguay and Paraguay flow here. These flow into the Rio de la Plata , on which Buenos Aires and Montevideo are located. In the middle of the country lies the large, fertile part, the central mountain country, the Pampa Humeda . It extends to the Sierras de Cordoba.

Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego

On the edge of the Andes lies the Great Lakes region and to the south Patagonia, a barren steppe area where only sheep graze. The southernmost point is Tierra del Fuego , which has an almost polar climate.


Buenos Aires

To see Argentina is to first go to Buenos Aires . On the Plaza de Mayo , where the Foolish Mothers” mourn daily for their sons

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